The synagogue was looted in 2003 with the fall of the former regime, and it had been converted into a warehouse for construction materials.
However, but there are still some indications of its former use.
The walls are cracking and the owners of surrounding shops are alarmed that its collapse will affect the structural integrity of their stores.
The synagogue was built in 1915 when this was a Jewish neighborhood.
The last Jew in Basra, an elderly woman who lived in an apartment adjacent to the synagogue, left in 2003.
As of 2009, there eight Jews left in Baghdad.